Monday, September 30, 2019
This short story by Mike Feder, is about his own life as a discouraged teen in the 70Ã¢â¬â¢s society. When Mike was a young boy he was in a constant state of teenage depression, and one of the major reasons why, was his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s both mental and physical illness. This sickness of hers, made him sick as well, and it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t become any easier when his mother constantly reminded him, that he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t wanted and that she wished she had never had children (p.62). This was just one of the many obstacles, that Mike had to face during his teenage years. Especially this factor is very clear to see in the story, since the narrator Mike, describes himself as a boy who was Ã¢â¬Å"possessed of great many psychosomatic complaintsÃ¢â¬ (p. 62) We know in forehand that this is a true story, but when a narrator is writing about himself, it is very hard to determine if he is reliable or not, and to be honest I do not want to draw any conclusions since there could be solid argumentations for both parts. This story could easily be an exaggerated version of a childhood memory, but could also be an actual event. Some elements could indicate, that we have an unreliable author as for instance the long gab between the year he wrote the story and his age in the story, which we know by looking at the many passages of the story which reveals it as: Ã¢â¬Å"When I was a kidÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"When I was about fifteenÃ¢â¬ (both on p. 62) As a little wimp boy, Mike had a lot of fears, but on the top of the list was the long and adventurous trip to his allergist in Manhattan. He lived at the edge of the city, which meant, that there was a long way to his destination. The trip held a lot of terrors for Mike and he had Ã¢â¬Å"a department full of fears to play withÃ¢â¬ (p. 63). First of all he was quit afraid due to the violence in the train, but also other things as the powerful machines and the darkness of the underground frightened him. The funny thing is; as much as he hated the whole experience, he felt this kind of crazy excitement as soon as the train came rumbling and roaring into the station. Every single time he felt this adrenalin rush, which he love very much, and that made him forget about all his other fears. This could indicate that the theme in Ã¢â¬Å"HereÃ¢â¬â¢s HerbieÃ¢â¬ had something to do with the initiation of adulthood, since he is so passionate about this, that he forgets some of his childishÃ anxieties. This is obviously just one of the themes, where the main theme is growing up which in this case also contains being different. Mike liked to sit in the front of the train, because of two things, firstly because he felt Ã¢â¬Å"some sort of identification with the surge of power in the frontÃ¢â¬ and then also because he could peek out of the front window. He wanted to stand up and look out of the window, but he could never seem to find any courage to do so. He speculated too much about what the others passengers might think of him, and the attention that position would draw. So he had to live with just glancing out of the window, from the corner of his eyes, every now and then. But this whole thing changed one day, because of one specific man named Herbie. Herbie was slump shouldered and had a nutty lopsided look on his face. He looked funny with his dim eyes and big hairy ears, but seemed careless anyways. This man just walked to the centre and started shouting: Ã¢â¬Å"HereÃ¢â¬â¢s Herbie! HereÃ¢â¬â¢s Herbie!Ã¢â¬ with absolutely no care in the world, and it was this kind of confidence Mike wanted to possess. Herbie then walked straight up to the front window of the train, with a plastic steering wheel and started Ã¢â¬Å"steeringÃ¢â¬ the train, as if it was nothing. The one thing that Mike thought about doing every single time, Herbie did so abruptly. So despite HerbieÃ¢â¬â¢s shaggy appearance he actually achieved that one dream, that the narrator was embarrassed to fulfill. I think this was the point where Mike realized that he could never reach any of his own goals if he kept being afraid of what others might think of him. Experiencing Herbie just shouting into the void and pursuing his dream really got to him and changed him. (p. 67) This is a very simple goal, and is nowhere near something impossible, but no matter what the dream is or how big or small it is, the same rules apply. Nothing should stop you from pursuing your dreams, even if itÃ¢â¬â¢s just to look out of a train-window. This is why the message of this short story is so simple, yet so deep. It really applies to so many different occasions and almost everyone can relate to it. No matter if you want to be a president, or an artist or if your biggest dream is to try an awesome rollercoaster or climb Mount Everest, I really believe that nothing should keep you from doing what you want. Because at last Mike was so inspired by this odd man Herbie that he decided to look outÃ window, without thinking about the other passengers, and this really changed him. He might have gotten some pitiful stares or judgemental comments, but this was the first time in his life that he felt he was in command of it. So a lesson we can learn from this short story could be: Nothing ventured, nothing gained.
Sunday, September 29, 2019
Screen Narrative analysis Breaking down terms story- a chronological set of events. plot- he selection and oddering of those events. narrative- the way the events tell the story. non linear- narrative: a narrative that does not tell the story digests, anything the character can experience. basic three act narrative structure. the basic 3 act narrative structure has been used for centuries in plays, books, act one Ã¢â¬â set up introduced to character and digests , understand world in story. catalyst -turning point between act one when things change act two- -turning point between act two-when things change ostly taken up development, end of act two second turning point, absolutely bad. act three climax -battle of some sort. Resolution, very short and sweet. christopher vgler theorized the narrative by breaking down the 3 acts more specifically into 12 steps more specifically into the heroes journey. oglers character achetypes/ 1. hero 2. mentor 3. threshold guardian, bad but good. 4. herald, gives the news to the group 5 subtypes of archetype hero.. -willing or unwilling -anti-hero, doesn't want to be a hero -group orientated hero, leads group -loner hero , alone -catalyst hero. mentor Ã¢â¬ ¦ agical/mythic Ã¢â¬â gandalf etc. gift giving teaching- teachers hero inventing and intiating- doc from back to the future. falling hero- failed first now mentoring. character archetypes propps. the villain the donor the magical helper he princess of prize her father the dispatcher depending on the text vogel might be more fit, or prop. prop is more for fantasy and fairy tail stories. conflict Ã¢â¬â the recurring character. character against nature or god, character against fate agains society society agains society character against them selves. character vs character harry vs voldermort cahracter vs nature he day after tomorrow. character vs fate Ã¢â¬â inevitable or uncontrollable problem the matrix, neo fulfilling his/her destiny character vs society main cha racter vs larger group, a community, society eg. boys don't cry. character versus self inner conflict society vs society one grow vs another group eg. river queen. maori vs british society vs society is just one element vs another element usually good vs evil. leading on to the the next analytical level in each of these cases (across time and genres) the character snow white is the personification of moral good because dh is represented as such. us as the queen as the personification of evil. what does representation mean representation Ã¢â¬â noun Ã¢â¬â 16 version with regards to film analysis; representation is the o screen depiction why learn about representation because screen representation portraits aspects of the real world what is an ideology ideologies are a set of ideas or values we live by. each person can have more than one ideology differing ideologies can cause create conflict. ideology wthin film narrative the narrative of a film presertnd the ideologies of the o riginal writer, director and producer . ace representation. represents people in specific or racial background race representation fun black man quirky Hispanic the educate/snooty white. class representation the struggling impoverished and largely uneducated. NZ middle ground British really poor American rich upper class. upper crust aristocratic middle groun povrished, poor,. gender representation manly men, muscular men , military womanly women. long hair, lots of make up lots of pink. what happens when you get manly women or womanly men. essentially two things homosexuality, androgynous. artly male and partly female in appearance; of indeterminate sex. gender is not binary gender is a spectrum which we can move along at any time of our lives. why include them? because binaries will often contain conflict and without conflict you don't have film. films can be analyzed through a variety of frameworks: thematically narrative analysis formalist everything the viewer can hear and see. camera -frame size angle movement. semiotics the study of signs and symbols. bring out the meaning behind the metaphor. two levels, denotative and connotative.
Saturday, September 28, 2019
Mergers and Acquisitions - Research Paper Example Over the ensuing months, Omnicare proposed a number of transactions involving the sale of NCSÃ¢â¬â¢s assets under bankruptcy that would not include paying off a majority of NCSÃ¢â¬â¢s debt. Moreover, OmnicareÃ¢â¬â¢s proposal did not include relief for NCSÃ¢â¬â¢s stockholders. Genesis was approached by the committee formed by the subordinated note holders in early 2002 and Genesis offered a deal aside from the bankruptcy that included a discharge of NCSÃ¢â¬â¢s senior debts and a payment to NCSÃ¢â¬â¢s stockholders of approximately US$24 million. GenesisÃ¢â¬â¢s offer had a number of exclusive arrangements and all indications were that any deal would have to be Ã¢â¬Å"locked upÃ¢â¬ so that a higher bid would not prevail (Omnicare, Inc. v. NCS Healthcare, Inc.818 A.2d 914 (Del. 2003)). When Omnicare became aware of GenesisÃ¢â¬â¢s offer, Omnicare improved its offer and withdrew the initial requirement for bankruptcy and also offered to discharge NCSÃ¢â¬â¢s debts and sh areholder payments. NCS responded by using OmnicareÃ¢â¬â¢s offer to get Genesis to improve its offer. This tactic worked as Genesis improved its offer, but demanded that the offer be approved within 24 hours otherwise it would be withdrawn. NCSÃ¢â¬â¢s board of directors recommended accepting GenesisÃ¢â¬â¢s offer and just before a shareholdersÃ¢â¬â¢ meeting to accept the offer by Genesis, Omnicare improved its bid so that its offer exceeded the offer made by Genesis. The merger arrangement however did not make provision for an out, the NCS/Genesis merger was locked in. As a result, Omnicare the minority shareholders of NCS took the matter to court with a view to enjoining the NCS/Genesis merger. Legal Issues: The primary legal issue was the validity and enforceability of a lock-in or no shop clause in a merger and acquisition agreement. The question for the court was whether or not a no shop agreement could be enforced so that NCS could not consider the offers and bids for me rger by Omnicare. It has been previously held in some jurisdictions in the US that a no shop clause was valid when it allowed a board to legally bind the organization to a merger arrangement so that it may not negotiate or accept an offer from another organization until such time as the shareholders considered the original offer (Jewel Cos., Inc. v. Pay Less Drug Stores Northwest, Inc.; 741 F.2d 1555 (9th Cir. 1994)). The Delaware Supreme court however, considered the no shop clause in light of the fiduciary duty of the board of directors to obtain the best deal possible and to re-evaluate its decisions. In this regard, the main legal issue for the Delaware Supreme court was not so much a no shop clause, but the significance of a fiduciary out clause in negotiating mergers and acquisitions. Court Holding; Consequence; Damages; Who Won and Who Lost: The Chancery Court of Delaware declined the application by NCSÃ¢â¬â¢s minority shareholders and Omnicare to enjoin the merger by NCS a nd Genesis. The Chancery Court held that the business judgment rule functioned to prevent indiscriminate challenging of board of directorsÃ¢â¬â¢ decisions. There is a general presumption that directors act in good faith and are well-informed when making a decision and do so in the best interest of the company. Any party who alleges otherwise must prove that the presumption cannot be made. The Chancery Court of Delaware also ruled that the no shop clause was consistent with the law of Delaware although it could be scrutinized by the judiciary. Such scrutiny will usually only occur when the board has taken defensive action in
Friday, September 27, 2019
Analysis of President Bush's Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People - Speech or Presentation Example Present during the speech are top government officials including departmental secretaries and different states legislative officials. The speech is a reaction to the 9/11 attack and a declaration of War against Alqaeda and the Taliban regime. The speech takes place on 20th September, 2001, only nine days after terrorists hijacked two American planes and crushed them on the twin towers. The speech is also serves to assurance the people of America that America is strong and cannot be shaken by its enemies (terrorists). Furthermore, the speech is aimed at reassuring Muslims across the globe that America is not against Islam but is against those who go against AllahÃ¢â¬â¢s commands by wrecking havoc on innocent people. In my view, the speech is held at an appropriate time and setting considering that the American people at the time were in grief having lost loved ones and property beyond value. The American people also needed an assurance that their government was in action and would t ake measures to avoid similar happenings as those of 9/11. The speech is said at an appropriate setting and the message delivered as weighty as it should have been. Speech Transcript President Bush Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American PeopleÃ On September the 11th, enemies of freedom committed an act of war against our country.Ã Ã Americans have known wars -- but for the past 136 years, they have been wars on foreign soil, except for one Sunday in 1941.Ã Ã Americans have known the casualties of war -- but not at the center of a great city on a peaceful morning.Ã Ã Looking at the audience, hands still. Americans have known surprise attacks -- but never before on thousands of civilians.Ã Ã All of this was brought upon us in a single day -- and night fell on a different world, a world where freedom itself is under attack. Hands shift and move gently Americans have many questions tonight.Ã Ã Americans are asking:Ã Ã Who attacked our country? Ã Ã The evidence we have gathered all points to a collection of loosely affiliated terrorist organizations known as al Qaeda.Ã Ã They are the same murderers indicted for bombing American embassies in Tanzania and Kenya, and responsible for bombing the USS Cole. Mood change anger, tonal variation, hands move, and use of gestures Al Qaeda is to terror what the mafia is to crime.Ã Ã But its goal is not making money; its goal is remaking the world -- and imposing its radical beliefs on people everywhere. The terrorists practice a fringe form of Islamic extremism that has been rejected by Muslim scholars and the vast majority of Muslim clerics -- a fringe movement that perverts the peaceful teachings of Islam.Ã Ã The terrorists' directive commands them to kill Christians and Jews, to kill all Americans, and make no distinction among military and civilians, including women and children. This group and its leader -- a person named Osama bin Laden -- are linked to many other organizations in different countries, including the Egyptian Islamic Jihad and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.Ã Ã There are thousands of these terrorists in more than 60 countries.Ã Ã They are recruited from their own nations and neighborhoods and brought to camps in places like Afghanistan, where they are trained in the tactics of terror.Ã Ã They are sent back to their homes or sent to hide in countries around the world to plot evil and destruction. The leadership of al Qaeda has great influence in Afghanistan and supports the Taliban regime in
Thursday, September 26, 2019
Madatory labeling In Resturants - Essay Example This could be in terms of ingredients that are not fit for their consumption and processes used for production that are not of expected standards. (Elise Golan) The reasons for supporting mandatory labeling of foods have to do with the effects of genetically modified food on the health of individuals. The second reason has to do with the ingredients used in the production of the foods. (IFPRI) Some people may be on certain diets that do not allow them to consume the products. The third reason is basically for the benefit of the manufacturing company such that consumers prefer foods from certain companies because of their reputation, labeling makes them easily identifiable to the consumer. Lastly labeling is important for a country as it helps it in identifying products that come from countries that are known to violate manufacturing standards and therefore they do not allow them in the market to protect its citizens. It also enhances fair competition and market efficiency in a given country. (Elise Golan) Consumer choices may change due to mandatory labeling because they are able to identify products that have been certified as fit for use and those that have not. If for example the product is certified by an international accredited body, chances are consumers will buy it more as compared to another labeled by a local body. Consumer preferences in terms of quality will also make certain products to lose market as a result of these as they will be able to differentiate easily and make choices whether to buy or not. (Elise Golan) Elise Golan, Fred Kuchler, Barry Krissoff. Do Food Labels Make a Difference? . . . Sometimes. Novemeber 2007. 18 Septemeber 2011
DBDQ1 Convertible Bonds and DQ2 Market Value of Stock - Essay Example The bondholder of a convertible bond benefits from the conversion of a bond into equity when the prices of the common stocks in the market are higher than the principal. DQ2 The stock market is used by investors and businesses to buy and sell common stocks of corporations. The prices of a stock are influenced by a variety of factors. The economy affects the prices of common stocks. When the economy is doing badly the prices of common stocks go down. Another factor that affects the price of a stock is the financial performance of a company. A solid financial performance reflected in the financial statements of the company can help increase the value of a stock. A third factor that affects the price of a specific stock is the market. The market risk is measured by the Beta coefficient (Besley & Brigham, 2002). Out of these three factors the only factor that the firm can control is the financial performance of the firm. I consider the financial performance of the firm the most important factor. References Besley & Brigham (2000). Essential of Managerial Finance (12th ed.). Forth Worth: The Dryden Press. Investopedia.com (2011). Convertible Bond. Retrieved May 15, 2011 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/convertiblebond.asp
Tuesday, September 24, 2019
Module Five Assignment - Essay Example Thus, there prevails a requirement of maintaining fairness of opportunity and selection on the basis of educational qualification by reasonable and open competition in relation to the job criteria. The Ã¢â¬ËEqual Employment Opportunity CommissionÃ¢â¬â¢ in the United States abides by the ADA while recruiting people for certain job positions. The act is meant for defending people with disabilities against discrimination (U.S. Department of Labor, n.d). In the case of recruitment in Ã¢â¬ËTumor Registry PositionÃ¢â¬â¢, it has been identified that the disabled applicant possesses good experience on tumor registry tasks. Furthermore, the applicant is also a certified Ã¢â¬ËRegistered Health Information TechnicianÃ¢â¬â¢ which is considered quite appropriate for the job position. However, the major disadvantage of the applicant is found to be his/her disability in certain aspects (McCuen, Sayles & Schnering, 2007). Considering the law on disability issues, the recruitment should proceed in an impartial manner. Adequate space should be provided for both disabled as well as non-disabled candidates with respect to measuring valuable skills and qualifications. Disabled individuals must be motivated in order to make them feel that their skills are worthy. In the recruitment process, there is a need for certifying the job description and principles on which the applicants are appraised to be appropriate. If any disabled applicant satis fies the minimum requirements of the job position, he/she must be invited for the interview process (Spratt, 2008). The decision with respect to recruiting for the position of tumor registry should be entirely based on the requirements of the job criteria rather than on the disabilities of the applicants. With regard to the tumor registrar job, it is related with the aspect of collecting and assessing information about patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ diseases and conducting investigative trials and treatments. The task of tumor registrar is to maintain information of
Monday, September 23, 2019
How does Alcohol Affect Crime in the United States - Essay Example From this discussion it is clear thatÃ there are some crimes mostly related to alcohol consumption. Homicide, rape, burglary, theft, robbery, child abuse, road accidents, Domestic violence, Teens pregnancy, suicides e.t.c are all crimes, arguably having alcohol as a factor in their committal. Since addressing crime alone, by apprehending the criminal is not likely to succeed in reducing the acts of crime, then the root cause and the motivation behind the committal of criminal activities needs to be addressed. Among all crime related activities reported to the police in 2009, 43 % were found to have been committed by individuals who had previously consumed alcohol.This paper stresses thatÃ consumption of alcohol is likely to result to wrong doings that are offensive and punishable by law, for example, drunken driving.Ã Battery is another sort crime well related with alcohol consumption, where an individual who is under the influence of alcohol engages in physical assault to mem bers of t heir families or their partners. Among all the reported crimes in the US in the year 2009, cases of battery accounted for 36% of all the reported crime. This is an indication that individuals under the influence of alcohol have a higher chance of assaulting their partners or their family members, more than engage in committing any other alcohol related crime.... There are some crimes mostly related to alcohol consumption. Homicide, rape, burglary, theft, robbery, child abuse, road accidents, Domestic violence, Teens pregnancy, suicides e.t.c are all crimes, arguably having alcohol as a factor in their committal (Michael, 171). Since addressing crime alone, by apprehending the criminal is not likely to succeed in reducing the acts of crime, then the root cause and the motivation behind the committal of criminal activities needs to be addressed. Among all crime related activities reported to the police in 2009, 43 % were found to have been committed by individuals who had previously consumed alcohol (Michael, 314). With such backgrounds, then I present my claim that to address crime in America, the US government already pay much attention on regulating alcohol consumption, but it is not effective. This is because, many underage are still being involved in alcohol consumption, alcohol related violence and offences are still on the rise and dome stic violence with alcoholic perpetrators is still rife (Michael, 172). Hence, I will propose that US government should devise legislations and policies that would effectively eliminate minor involvement in alcohol consumption. Furthermore, the government should introduce social programs that address alcohol consumption, through engaging the alcohol consumers to seminars and workshops, which will play a great role in minimizing the number of alcohol consumers. Consumption of alcohol is likely to result to wrong doings that are offensive and punishable by law, for example, drunken driving. Battery is another sort crime well related with alcohol consumption, where an individual who is under the influence of alcohol engages in physical assault to
Sunday, September 22, 2019
Reflection Module - Assignment Example In the current project, a research reflection has been done for a 12 days programme which covered many topics of management. The purpose of this current project is to reflect the learning of the 12 days programme and analyse the benefits it will provide to the business. I have analysed four different topics from the programme. These topics were: 1. Managing change 2. Competitive Brand Management Plan 3. Sustainability 4. Food Health Innovation The essential question which framed my reflection project was to be able to properly criticise the objective of the learning and gain meaningful experience from it. We always come across the process of critical reasoning in our daily lives. We have also used this theory and application to solve problems of our daily lives and these reasoning are imbedded in our thoughts. But most of the time, we fail to apply the same theories while pursuing academic work. This will be the major objective of my reflection paper. This reflection paper will study the theories and practical tools which have been discussed and applied in the above mentioned papers and meaningful learning will be interpreted In this paper, I begin with an overview of the theory, articulate my thesis and then preview the learning of my paper. Essentially, I did a mini-review of each research essay to explain how the relevant theory is useful and practical and how they can contribute to solve a business problem. The main audience for this paper was my communication professor but the paper would be reasonably understood by professors and majors in the respective field. Sustainability This topic of my programmes, deals with the sustainability issues in a consumer cooperative in Britain, named as CP Ltd. according to sources, it was found out that CP Ltd was the largest consumer cooperative worldwide having more than 6 million members globally. This research paper helped me to understand a proper sustainability plan which can be applied for resolving issues related to society and economy. During the conduction of this topic, I learned many new things and discovered many new theories which have useful and meaningful interpretations in solving a business problem. During the programme, I leaned that majority of developing countries are over-consuming the natural resources. It was also found out that more than 30 percent of the resources used by people cannot be replenished in future (Adams, 2006). Thus, numerous marketing programmes have been organised and implemented to make people aware of the current situation and warn them, so that they can use these resources in a meaningful manner. The classes helped me understand the numerous problems faced by the government worldwide. These included biodiversity loss, climate change, changing demographics, increasing inequalities and unavailability of basic commodities. Few of the important things discussed during this programme were that consumers are many times motivated to perform things because of so cietal pressure. Lack of proper knowledge, information results in overuse of resources. Also, we cannot expect these consumers and individuals to learn and understand these critical issues by themselves. Apart from this, sustainable consumption is still a niche area of study and companies are still negligent about this critical issue. Thus it is the responsibility of big brands and corporate organisations will be a motivating factor and launch campaigns and other media
Saturday, September 21, 2019
Khaled Hosseini Essay At parties, when all six-foot-five of him thundered into the room, attention shifted to him like sunflowers turning to the sunTranslating a book into a movie can be a very elusive task for many reasons. This is due to the fact that a book has many key points in it and compressing them all into a certain time frame can be very challenging. Mark ForsterÃ¢â¬â¢s adaptation of Khaled HosseiniÃ¢â¬â¢s novel the Kite Runner is a weak portrayal of what the author had originally wrote. The movie consisted of some bad casting choices. It also consisted of some significant and harmful cuts to the novel. Although the directorÃ¢â¬â¢s intention to recreate a very well written story into a movie was a great idea, the author could have given more attention to some critical and important aspects of the novel. The directors casting choices changed some of the important traits, which took away the true understanding of the characters. In the book, Khaled Hosseini states that Hassan is a descendant of Mongol heritage, which was an indicator of his status in society. As a Hazara young HassanÃ¢â¬â¢s actor in the movie, blended in with the rest of the actors, as he did look like a Mongol. Another obvious flaw in HassanÃ¢â¬â¢s character in the movie was the fact that he did not have a harelip, which represented the fact that he was a Hazara and had no money for it to be replaced. Baba is also another great example of how the director made some bad casting choices for the movie. In the book BabaÃ¢â¬â¢s character was described as a strong, intelligent and intimidating man Ã¢â¬Å"At parties, when all six-foot-five of him thundered into the room, attention shifted to him like sunflowers turning to the sunÃ¢â¬ . While in the movie
Friday, September 20, 2019
The Concept Of Tourism Marketing Marketing Essay The 15 Cs framework was firstly developed by Fyall et al. In 2006 (Destination management: challenges and opportunities-2010 (press release)) to provide a suitable combination of key challenges facing the competitor of that destination marketing and management. But levels will be most important on different destinations. If there is a failure in one of challenges of destination marketing then it will affect the whole plan. The 15 Cs can be identified as: Complexity, Control, Culture, Competition, Commodification, Creativity, Communication, Channels, Cyberspace, Consolidation, Collaboration, Change, Crisis, Customers and Complacency. First we will go on with the complexity factor, were the destination product is not in the argument state and what remains is a discussion about that destination future, it will be more complex due to countless stakeholders from both internal and external or tourist. The complexity of the tourist destination should be taken in consideration with the consumer and community of that place for marketing of it. So, every individual consumers of that destination will have a point of view concerning that the tourist place is cleanly enclose bundle of suppliers as form the case of suppliers expectancy (Buhalis 2000). Control is very closely related to complexity the destination marketers have an inability to control the elements of destination product and also its destiny in market place (Scott, parfitt, and Laws-2000, p.202) the strategic approach should be strong to control the difficulties in coordination in marketing a destination as there are many ways of approaching as campaigns which can be conducted with the help of various tourists business with no public review on the available information. The developments are made to make tourism better in that destination. The power, resources, experience, mutual trust, and respect stand as a significant challenge for those destinations for tourism marketing in future (Ritchie Ritchie, 2002) The cultural factor is most important for both supply and demand in destination marketing. Due to change their will be cultural diversification between private and public sector on tourism destinations. As in change the two cultures will be working together for foreseeable future, the demand side is depends on means of destination what is required for development of tourism. The change can be found everywhere but it is the only one of its kind to the marketing and management of destinations and positively responding to change is increasing day by day. Changes can be in anything prices, commodities, transport, etc. The crises and fear of it is present everywhere across tourism industry on different destinations and as per their location they are impacted in positive or negative or direct or indirect manner it can be natural or manmade. An example we can take is terrorism happening all over world or tsunami. Complacency has changed because customers have other choices of destinations with same features. It increases the competition among organisations in tourism industry. Going on with the competition factor the competition among organisations is increasing and the destinations everywhere are in intense pressure to make their profit and growth from tourism in these difficult years. there is an increase in destination product and in tourist destination. As in European scenario there is a decrease in prices of airlines and other transport but it is beneficial for tourist who goes on that destination. The competition is at its intense level where the natural or manmade disaster occurred and then the population of tourist to that destination is decreased, because of this tourist started to choose secured destinations and for some time the competition in different regions is increased due to same supply of features and facilities. In commodification factor a competition become more intense the market gets crowded and then they become more challengeable and competitive to manage and do marketing of that destination organisation. Due to increase in tourists many destination shares similar facilities and selling point. In response, destination are needed to do hard work to avoid the ease with which they can substituted. One of the primary means from which substitution can be challenged is creativity approach the energetic and different ideas can be used for destination branding. But branding and marketing a destination is not an easy task. All destinations are of different shapes and sizes those are influenced by a distance of political environment so, it makes down the decision making for marketers of that destinations and it makes low creativity in market place. (Caldwell Freire konecnik (2004), Morgan et al. (2002, 2003) and white (2004)). If the brand is properly identified and marketed with good creativity it will be on good position in competitive market. An advertisement in many regions of world is done through news paper but in some many different regions or parts of world the communication is important and is required on highly basis for highly educated and increasingly sophisticated clientele. The use of Web, blogs, online social networking like facebook and twitter is increased but the high percentage on marketing budget is spent on print based media like brochures and leaflets (Dore and Crouch 2003; Foley and Fahy 2004). The channel and cyberspace are closely related with each other as they are most important factor for tourism marketing and for distributing of the ideas or creativity of marketers of that destination. In consolidation factor we can take an example of Thomas cook there is a significant increase in recent years across the globe. This is strongly affected to tourism industry by the means of travel in form of airlines, hospitality in largely international and local groups, money exchange, etc. One means of marketing where corporate or marketers come face to face for collaboration within or among destinations. Customers can be from same region or from all over the globe with different religions and language like British, Indian, French, Chinese, etc. and they can be also of different age groups. (Progress in tourism marketing by M Kozak and L Andreu 2006) http://books.google.com/books?id=Uij4AdXkBqACpg=PA83dq=framework+for+15cs+in+tourismhl=enei=ADwXTZicJsOChQeNsKG4Dgsa=Xoi=book_resultct=resultresnum=1ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA#v=onepageqf=true Case study:- The case study involves the beautiful tourist destination Dubai it is a modern city at southern shore and other sides covered by desert it is also known as a one of seven states which comprise United Arab Emirates. In 1830 it was a fishing and pearling port and it was taken over by the maktoum branch of the bani yas tribe who still rules dubai, due to port it makes attractive to traders and developed a center for regional commerce and it also become a part of trucial states with Britain. In 1972 it quitted and joined to united Arab emirate. In 1990 the Dubai population was 80,000 and by 1992 it increases by 529,000 here many of them are attracted for Dubai safe and financially flourishing environment. Dubai is well known for its oil resource but it is finite and it is a main resource that gives an income to the country which will help to develop tourism industry. Dubai gives many facilities and has many attractions to attract tourist. Dubai is famous for its Arabic life, safe environ ment, good international hotels, night life, grass golf course in dessert, warm seas, etc. it is also famous for its shopping festivals and great malls to do tax free shopping. Some of the newest attractions that Dubai had made one of the finest 5 star luxurious hotels and the world first seven star Hotel Burj-al-Arab then palms Jumeirah Island, etc. as dubai become one of the fastest growing tourist destination. (Tourist destination management-issues, analysis and policies by eric laws-1995) Sharpley, R 2008, Planning for Tourism: The Case of Dubai, Tourism and Hospitality: Planning Development, 5, 1, pp. 13-30, E-Journals, EBSCOhost, viewed 2 January 2011. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?hid=12sid=fdaadb41-b7ea-4df7-b79a-ea642ddb773e%40sessionmgr10vid=8 Dubai culture is strongly rooted in Islamic traditions of Arabia. Islam is bigger than just a religion because it is a way of life which goes on in everyday events that what to wear and what to eat and drink. So, the culture is closely related with its religion. Islamic fundamentalism is on the leading place in media and it makes other peoples of world to adopt it, then also Dubai welcomes foreigners and they can be free with their own religion. The alcohol is served in hotels and dress codes are normal as per the peoples tradition. Dubai culture gives warmth and friendliness welcome to its tourist. Due to negative view of Islam it affect many Muslims living abroad but in Dubai all religion people leave together and work together like Muslims, Hindus, Christians, etc. and there are also different languages like English, Urdu, and Hindi approx this Arabic is main language but it is spoken as on official business purposes and English can be heard everywhere. Due to the rapid developmen t in recent years the life is changed because of increased different cultures and material goods so the Dubai rulers are keen to promote their tradition and cultural activities and also sporting events. (The lonely planet guide-Dubai by Terry Carter Lara Dunston- 2006) http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=QscSeQp8hxMCpg=PA11dq=dubai+culturehl=enei=ZaAgTYONE8mFhQfkzKG3Dgsa=Xoi=book_resultct=book-thumbnailresnum=1sqi=2ved=0CCkQ6wEwAA#v=onepageq=dubai%20culturef=false (Dubai: the complete residents guide by Explorer publishing Distribution- 2006) http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=II2bdl4gcIMCpg=PA25dq=dubai+culturehl=enei=ZaAgTYONE8mFhQfkzKG3Dgsa=Xoi=book_resultct=book-thumbnailresnum=8sqi=2ved=0CEwQ6wEwBw#v=onepageq=dubai%20culturef=false As Dubai is oil based state in UAE 1950 it was just like a village on seashore but by 1994 it gets developed to a city, it is developed by its own resources like oil. The hotel named Burj al Arab becomes a dream logo of Dubai even if guest does not stay in that hotel for a night the hotel can pay for itself. But Dubai has diversified its economy to tourism because of the reduction in economic dependence due to diminishing in amount of oil. Sharpley, R 2008, Planning for Tourism: The Case of Dubai, Tourism Hospitality: Planning Development, 5, 1, pp. 13-30, Hospitality Tourism Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 2 January 2011. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?hid=114sid=90099d0a-9de1-4ecb-bd34-c9a388aad85a%40sessionmgr114vid=3bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=hjhAN=31373124 (Tourism destination management-issues, analysis and policies by Eric Laws-1995) For development there will be consolidation between real estate firms and banks. In recent time Dubai Aluminium Company limited has been sponsoring ladies masters golf tournament from past three years at emirates golf club. Another consolidation is done to develop property market in Dubai the two organizations as Emaar properties PJSC and Dubai holding commercial operation group (DHCOG) are merged with each other. This is for residential property and land, some of the major property works will be for Dubai Metro (public transportation) and Burj Dubai (The world tallest skyscraper). Dubai 2008, Dubai banks, property firms seen consolidating, TradeArabia (Manama, Bahrain), 24 December, NewsBank, EBSCOhost, viewed 2 January 2011. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?hid=114sid=90099d0a-9de1-4ecb-bd34-c9a388aad85a%40sessionmgr114vid=7bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=edsnbkAN=127B89592871B2E0 Excellent forum for consolidating partnerships, 2009, Gulf News (Dubai, United Arab Emirates), 11 December, NewsBank, EBSCOhost, viewed 2 January 2011. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?hid=114sid=90099d0a-9de1-4ecb-bd34-c9a388aad85a%40sessionmgr114vid=10bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=edsnbkAN=12C87F17162A0E98 Sinnock, B 2009, Consolidation to Shape Dubai Residential Markets Future, National Mortgage News, 33, 43, p. 11, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 2 January 2011. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?hid=114sid=90099d0a-9de1-4ecb-bd34-c9a388aad85a%40sessionmgr114vid=15bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=bthAN=43690269 UAE tourism authorities are working out for the development of the tourism with the help of collaborations with other countries like Singapore. Clarence Michael In, D 2006, Spore explores tourism cooperation with UAE; Officials looking at developing joint marketing, Business Times, The (Singapore), 27 February, NewsBank, EBSCOhost, viewed 2 January 2011. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?hid=114sid=f1a36d1c-8e70-4441-af0a-d154ed6e18f3%40sessionmgr104vid=36bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=edsnbkAN=11008F1046F645B8 the world first hotel developed by Armani hotels and resorts is under the collaboration with Dubai developer Emaar properties and as opened it in the tallest building the burj khalifa. Dubai 2010, Armani hotel opens in Burj Khalifa, TradeArabia (Manama, Bahrain), 27 April, NewsBank, EBSCOhost, viewed 2 January 2011. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?hid=114sid=f1a36d1c-8e70-4441-af0a-d154ed6e18f3%40sessionmgr104vid=38bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=edsnbkAN=12F7F251D2802520 Dubai tourism and commerce marketing company (DTCM) has collaborated with five major companies like Virgin Holidays Ltd., Gold Medal, Lastminute.com, Hayes and Jarvis, and Emirates Tours for attracting families and childrens. They also go for creativity to attract childrens by Dubai aquarium and underwater zoo, SEGA republic, free entry to Aquaventure, Lost chambers and Dolphin Bay. Dubai is affordable for families 2009, Travel Weekly (UK), p. 8, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 3 January 2011. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?hid=114sid=90099d0a-9de1-4ecb-bd34-c9a388aad85a%40sessionmgr114vid=23bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=bthAN=43583422 Dubai in a different way is focusing on the creativity by commodifying land and water into artificial islands creating an attraction to the tourist, gulf emirate of Dubai is planning to construct Third Island in a shape of palm. Dubai to build third Palm Island, 2004, Agence France-Presse, 5 October, NewsBank Archives, EBSCOhost, viewed 2 January 2011. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?hid=114sid=f1a36d1c-8e70-4441-af0a-d154ed6e18f3%40sessionmgr104vid=48bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=edsnbaAN=1058F077C4FE6DB0 In the growing competitive world Gulf States are also competing for the growing international tourism and travel market their major competitors are South East Asia and Singapore and Europe also plays a major role in the competition. (World geography of travel and tourism: a regional approach by Alen Lew, C. Michael Hall, Dallen J, Timothy-2008) http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=BBa_LZhCPYoCpg=PA163dq=dubai+competitors+in+tourismhl=enei=Y00hTdihD4GKhQfDxq23Dgsa=Xoi=book_resultct=resultresnum=3ved=0CDsQ6AEwAg#v=onepageqf=false Dubai has started to work a lot for the promotion of tourism now it gets teamed up with Microsoft digital solution to create its own site and also online ads on MSN Dubai Tourism runs digital ads on MSN to break stereotypes 2007, New Media Age, pp. 7-07, Business Source Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 3 January 2011. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?hid=114sid=90099d0a-9de1-4ecb-bd34-c9a388aad85a%40sessionmgr114vid=25bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=bthAN=25325976 In the fast moving world Dubai as also get into cyberspace by creating its own official tourism site as www.dubaitourism.ae with SCOTT, P 2007, Site seeing, Sunday Mail (Adelaide, Australia), 8 July, NewsBank, EBSCOhost, viewed 3 January 2011. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?hid=114sid=90099d0a-9de1-4ecb-bd34-c9a388aad85a%40sessionmgr114vid=30bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=edsnbkAN=11A441E9F2113320
Thursday, September 19, 2019
The Nature of Psychology Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Psychology is the scientific study and practical application of observable behavior and mental processes of organisms. Psychology differs from other social sciences such as: Sociology, History, or Economics, because psychology specifically deals with the study of an individual. The other social sciences will study groups, or history. Psychology is less a science of reported findings, it attempts asks and answers questions using observable behavior and what can be determined as mental processes of the subject. The symbol for psychology is the Greek letter Ã¢â¬Å"psiÃ¢â¬ (ÃË). The subject matter of psychology is, affect, behavior, and cognition. The affect for psychology is the actual mental processes that make up: moods, feeling, and emotional state. An example for affect would be feeling sad about something happening. Behavior includes the actually actions and responses of organisms. Behavior can include the way we act in any given situation, for example when we get up in the morning. The order in the way we prepare ourselves for going out into public can be categorized as our behavior. Cognition is the actual mental events and the processes that result from them. Memories of an event are a great example of an organismÃ¢â¬â¢s cognition. The components and corresponding faces of psychology include the body of knowledge which is considered the teaching face, set of investigative methods or research face, and array of techniques the therapy face. The goals of psychology are: to explain behaviors, to describe behaviors, to predict behavior, and to modify inappropriate behaviors. Explaining behaviors would be a question similar to Ã¢â¬Å"Why does this happen?Ã¢â¬ , and example of how describing behavior could be accomplished would be asking Ã¢â¬Å"What causes this behavior, where does it come from?Ã¢â¬ . Predictions can be elaborated on by asking Ã¢â¬Å"When will the behavior occur?Ã¢â¬ . An example of a behavioral modification quest ion is Ã¢â¬Å"What can be changed in the environment to alter this behavior?Ã¢â¬ . A specialized subfield of psychology that most interests me is, Forensic Psychology, because it would be appealing to me to understand a potential criminal mind and to make the determination if the criminal was sane at the time the crime was committed or if he/she was operating with full judgment. In studying the 9/11 attack on America, a Forensic Psyc... ... level of a specific behavioral defect. After all the previous methods have been used, the use of existing data could be of help. Using existing data enables the psychologist to draw conclusions using other studies, surveys, observations, and tests to aide in the diagnose and treatment of a depressed person. A depressed person has a decrease in activity at the serotonin synapses. The independent variable would be the activity in the serotonin synapses. The dependent variable is the actual depression. In an experiment there are two types of groups: the experimental, and control groups. The experimental group is the participants who are exposed to the independent variable. The control group is the group of people who are not exposed to the independent variable, the comparison group. Three ethical concerns in psychological research experiments are: do no harm, maintain confidentiality, and the use of deception only when absolutely necessary. In a depression experiment, the do no har m would be observed by only interviewing the subject. The researcher should refrain from any activity that would cause physical, emotional, and or psychological harm to the subject(s) in any of the groups.
Wednesday, September 18, 2019
Autism is defined as a developmental disability of the brain. However it is not a form of mental retardation. A person with autism can actually be very intelligent. Autism develops before a child is 30 months of age. It occurs is approximately 4 out of every 10,000 children. Children with autism are unable to develop normal relationships with others. Their hearing and sight senses are heightened. A noise that would not bother a normal person might drive an autistic child crazy. They have a difficult time understanding what is going on around them. If something suddenly happens, like someone laughs or cries they go into confusion because they are wondering why this is happening and they might go into panic. Sometimes they may lose their ability to speak, or need extra time to respond to a question. It is sometimes difficult to tell whether a young child or infant is autistic. Some of the symptoms vary greatly but follow the same general pattern. Autistic infants will act relatively normal during their first few months. But after a couple of months they become less responsive to thei...
Tuesday, September 17, 2019
The United States Stock Market In the world today, people buy and sell to make a living. The American stock market is a great example of what it is like to buy and sell. The saying of the stock market is Ã¢â¬Å"buy low, sell highÃ¢â¬ . That means you buy a stock at a low price and sell it when it gets to a high price. There are two main stock exchanges. The American Stock Exchange and Nasdaq. They are what most people basically trade on. Basically the first major incident in the stock market was the Great Depression. The year of 1929 began a time period of horror in America. It was the beginning of the great depression. A time in which many lost their jobs became homeless, and went hungry. Many people had to live off the nutrition of weeds or some worked fifty - five hours and only earned seventy - five cents. The cause of the depression was the stock market crash of 1929 known to investors as Black Tuesday. Black Tuesday is said to be the most shocking financial event in the history of the United States. Not only did the stock market prices drop drastically but the business world was brought down with it. Inflation also rose because of the crash. The crash that occurred on October of 1929 caused Americans to lose Thirty billion dollars and the American dollar value was 90% less than it was prior to October of 1929. Wholesale and retail food prices dropped 40% and farm prices dropped over 60%. About four million fami lies were left unemployed and on relief support only receiving fifteen dollars a month. Because of the crash the government was required to set new regulations regarding stock market trade. The reason for this was to attempt to prevent another stock market crash from happening in the future. The depression brought about many problems not only did people have to worry about unemployment they also had to worry about crime. Many Americans tried to get easy money by taking part in robberies kidnappings and murders. In 1935 criminals out numbered carpenters four to one, grocers six to one, and doctors twenty to one. In the mid west, crooks with shotguns and Tommy Gun were a common thing. In large cities the criminals were making money off of extortion, prostitution, and auto theft. GREAT DEPRESSION TIMELINE
Our life has been full with the uses of plastic in our daily life, in food and beverages to the appliances surrounding our daily life. Plastic was made from simple chains of molecules that are linked together called as Polymers. Thus, make many types of plastics are named starting with Ã¢â¬ËPolyÃ¢â¬â¢ such Polyethylene, polystyrene and polypropylene. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Ã¢â¬â More commonly known as rubbish or garbage such as packaging products, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, household appliances, paint, these daily items we use then throw away, and battery. It comes from our homes, schools, hospitals, and businesses . Each year, a report on the EPA Advanced Certificate Management Amendment: Facts and Figures 2013, formerly known as Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: Facts and Figures. It contains information on municipal solid waste generation, recycling, and disposal. MSW trace after 30 years, source limit reports (waste prevention) MSW and MSW tipping landfill fees for historical information, generation and demolition Additional information on the information, which has been extended to include outside the scope. The new name emphasizes the importance of sustainable content management (CM). CM refers to the use and recycling of materials in a more productive and durable manner throughout their entire lifecycle. SMM practices to conserve resources reduce waste, slow climate change, the materials we use to reduce their impact on the environment. In 2013, nearly 254 million tons of garbage, recycled and converted to US fertilizer products of 87 million tons, equivalent to 34.3 percent recycling rate was generated. On average, we recycled and 40: 40 pounds per person per day. Even from that, plastic is a very crucial part of our everyday lives, as it been used and basically can be found everywhere. Some examples of usage of plastics are in electronics and surgical instrument as plastic is lightweight, cheap and easy to build. Other than that, plastic is very useful when dealing with durability along with times, it is because plastics donÃ¢â¬â¢t easily be damaged by surrounding, unlike iron that can rust over time if in contact with water. Plastic also has a great impact on our today telecommunication, as the world evolves with the technology, a higher demand for internet is needed and fiber optics cable for faster communication with others is needed. The main substances used to produce fiber optic is plastic, in vehicles plastic parts is also one of the major parts needed as it used because it optimizes the power usage and makes them more efficient. The parts that used plastic in a vehicle are including seats, polycarbonate windows and interior panel. Basically, plastic has its own advantages and disadvantages that made it impossible to be ban completely as its usage in every part of daily lives. Even though, it has an important role as one of the vital resources in domestic and also industrial, because of plastics characteristics that are durable, water-resistant, lightweight and cheaper. The usage of plastic needs to supervise and handled appropriately for disposal. Not properly disposing of plastic could lead to plastic pollution due to the basic property of plastic that made it so durable and take thousands of years to decomposed . The overuse of plastic and plastic pollution could give a number of effects on the environment and ecosystem. The effect to the environment is the landfills of plastic wastage due to overuse of plastic because of it cheaper and easier to be obtained. Other than that, an open burning with plastic will release dangerous chemical gasses to the air and could lead to impotence, cancer, asthma and etc. other than that, an authorized disposal of plastics to the sea or river could harm the animals live inside it. From a research, the turtles mostly die because of the plastics that they consume because turtles were mistaken plastics as jellyfish. Besides that, another effect to the animals is the entanglement of plastics to the body of turtles, dolphin and etc. that could affect the animalÃ¢â¬â¢s growth. There are several of ways that human can contribute to ensuring a smart usage of plastic to avoid plastic pollution. The easier ways to contribute is by shop friendly when shopping at the market to buy the needs for home, by having oneself shopping bag the usage of plastics can be reduced. Secondly, is to bring your own food container and drink bottle to reduce the usage of plastics from the packaging of your food and plastic bottle that cannot be reusable. Nonetheless, recycling is one of the vital ways that can help in reducing the usage of plastics because by recycling the plastics can be disposed of appropriately.
Monday, September 16, 2019
As a natural consequence, millions of people in Iraq had no difficulty believing that it would be possible to get rid of Saddam if the US, which had been bombing Iraq at that time, was in their own ranks.Although these riotsÃ¢â¬âthe period that was relatively unexpectedÃ¢â¬âfaced by the Iraqi Republican Guard's agile and violent interventions. Saddam's forces have found life in a very disturbing range, from burning gas from helicopters to burning people to bombing hospitals where they were wounded. However, the support that the United States implied at various levels did not come at all. In particular, Turkey's fear of a fragmented Iraq, and the diplomatic pressure on this issue, is to step back to support the riots that could result in the US government declaring the independence of the Kurds, and Saddam's In response to the riots, it was enough to let tens of thousands of people die.The riots that began against a dictator in the region with this back step of the United States suddenly transformed into the biggest migration of the last 50 years. Only in March and April, nearly two million Kurds began to flee to Iraq's northern border neighbors, Turkey and Iran, among the ruins of the war, which were suddenly part of their lives.The US, the UN, Turkey, and Iran's inexperience in keeping the situation under control has worsen the suffering of the people trapped in the interests of the state. During the migration, thousands of people, mostly children, died from the weather conditions, hunger, thirst and health problems, as well as the shooting of helicopters at civilian populations from time to time. According to estimates made by the United Nations data, an average of 2,000 Kurds per day was killed in a section of 1991. After the Gulf War in 1991, around 470 thousand people fled to Turkey.The most dramatic examples in our recent history were in Bosnia and in our border neighbor Syria. In Syria, it is still ongoing in the form of domestic and foreign immigration. The Bosnian War is the most violent war in Europe since the second World War, in which a series of ethnic conflicts took place between March 1992 and November 1995, and many war crimes, especially ethnic cleansing, were committed. According to the official sources during and after the war, only Turkey, 20.000 people had to emigrate. In addition, more than 1.5 million Bosnian-Muslim people had to leave their lands. About 20,000 to 30,000 women were raped. This war has passed on the history of the world as the bloodiest and systematic genocide. On the other hand, in Syria, approximately 400,000 people lost their lives in the civil war, which began with a small protest on March 11, 2011 and became one of the biggest catastrophes in the Middle East. While 3 million people were wounded in the civil war, 1 million people were disabled. Due to the Syrian civil war, millions of people fell to refugee status and the historic structures were destroyed as if they could not be repaired.With the process called Arab Spring, the overthrow of the 30-year Husnu Mubarak rule had deeply affected the peoples of the region, not just Egypt. This historic revolution dominated Bahrain, Libya, Morocco and even Gaddafi's death.During this period, when the people's movements led to great revolutions, two female doctors expressed their happiness about the situation while they were talking on the phone. These two women, who were listened to by the intelligence of the phones, were arrested, and their hair was shaved as punishment. On top of that, the 12-13 children, a relative of one of these women, wrote the slogan Ã¢â¬Å"The people want the order to be demolished.Ã¢â¬ The principal of the school is complaining about these kids in intelligence. They run the children in and expose them to severe torture.
Sunday, September 15, 2019
The education system of the United States of America is divided into four major categories; the children join primary school at the age of five years. Upon completion of the primary education the Americans join secondary school which consists of seven years. The students who are through with the secondary level are then enrolled in the undergraduate schools. Students in these schools are offered either with an associate degree which takes two years or a bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree which normally takes four years. Finally for the students who have successfully completed their bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree and wish to continue enroll in the graduate schools where they can either pursue either a masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree which normally takes a period of two years or a doctorate degree for those students who wish to advance their education. Depending on the course the student opts to take the doctorate degree can take as little as three years or as many as six years to complete (Bobo, pp 84). Inequality in the education system of US Inequality in education is said to occur when the education quality that is provided to students is highly related to their class or status. The education system in the United States of America have instead of reducing inequalities existing in the society, the schools together with other educational establishments have to some extent enhanced the perpetuation of race and class boundaries. The allocation of resources in an unfair and unequal manner, to students with diverse socio economic backgrounds, has largely contributed to lowering of test scores and low enrollments rates in colleges. In the United States of America, resources availability and quality is determined by the quantity of funding received by the schools. This funding is determined largely by the amount of taxes that the home owners pay; almost half of taxes collected from home owners are used in the funding of the schools at the district level (Ferguson, pp 77). Neighborhoods that are more affluent collect more property taxes which imply that the schools in these areas receive more funding. Despite the fact that this seems to be quite favorable a serious problem comes up when the circumstances are reversed. The neighborhoods that are predominantly inhabited by poor population, the properties are cheaper and thus the property taxes obtained from such neighborhoods are also less. This therefore means that the schools in these regions are poorly funded and yet they are the ones which the students from the poor families attend. This clearly shows a lot of inequality since the students from the rich families who will in most cases will be living in wealthy neighborhoods will attend school which are well funded by the taxes collected from home owners, whereas their colleagues from the poor families residing in poor neighborhoods will attend poorly funded schools and thus both categories of students will not receive the same quality of education. The above situation reality is that the resources distribution among the schools depends on the socio economic status of both the students and the parents. Therefore, the education system of the United States of America enhances in the widening the existing gap between the poor and the rich. Over the past few years as a result of falling short of social mobility this gap has increased further (Bobo, pp 168). The social mobility is quite rigid in US; this mobility refers to the movement of people in a certain class status from one generation to another. The socio mobility is highly related to the rich tags, they create a notion that anyone with determination and works hard is able progress upward regardless to their back grounds. On contrary to this notion, the economists and sociologists have concluded that social mobility has stagnated or even decreased in the past three decades, some of the declines in the social mobility can only be attributed to the US education system which is stratified. The education system in the country forces the students from the low income families into schools that are not ideal; these students are in turn not offered with equal education motivation and schooling opportunities as those students from rich families. This repeated pattern of intergenerational school choices for child and parent results in social mobility stagnation (Kozol, pp 105). The models showing the attainment of social status have always assumed that social mobility is a contest which is open and that it is based on value as calculated over several years of technical ability and schooling. The open contest made the assumption that there was an equal opportunity to basic education. The Supreme Court made a ruling that schools that were separate but equal were unconstitutional; those opposed to integration had to find new means and ways of denying the basic education. If the schools being attended by the blacks and whites could not be segregated then the classes too could not and thus both the whites and the blacks should attend the same schools and classrooms failure to which will amount to denying equality in education to all students (Kozol, pp 98). Social immobility is more to the children who follow their parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ footsteps and fail to obtain higher education. Such choices finally make the children from the poor families fail to access higher education. The reasons for the children from poor back grounds opting not to continue with higher education have a lot of explanations. The government on its part does not create enough awareness among the children equally and hence the children from lower class status grow up with fewer expectations in life, because such has not been properly instilled in them early in life by the education system that exists in the country. The education system of the United States of America lets down the students from the low income bracket since it does not offer them equal access to opportunities and resources as it does to those students from wealthy families. Studies have also shown that such programs such as the tracking education and gifted education are further used to manage the separation of those with lower skill levels from the ones with higher skills, which in most cases ends up separating the poor from the rich. In fact, most of the students in the program of the gifted students are from middle class families. This does not mean that it is only the rich students that are smart and the poor ones are not, but it simply implies that the program is used to enhance education inequality among the students on the basis of their back grounds it also shows that the students from the poor back grounds are not offered equal opportunities as the rich ones in their childhood development to enable them build up certain skills. The upper and middle class students grow up in an environment that foster their educational and intellectual development simply because their parents can afford to take their children to the museums, engage them in extra curricular activities, and pay private teachers to attend to their children. The poor children do not have access to such an integrated learning approach and the same is not provided in the education system of the US (Greenhouse, 124). The evidence of the fruits of inequality of the education system in the United States of America and especially in Chicago can be shown by the demographics and enrollment rates in colleges. It is highly influenced by the socio economic status of the students, in a study that was carried out in Chicago which examined the top colleges it found out that the following student representation. Seventy five percent of the students were from very rich socio economic backgrounds while the rest came from the poor back grounds. This is a good example of how much inequality exists in the education system of the United States of America and particularly Chicago (Lui, pp 220). The gap in the education system of US just like the chasm of wealth is growing wider and wider each year. An equal opportunity of accessing quality education has become a perennial dream for most of the progressive people and the working class. This dream has been undermined by forces of neo conservative. Despite the fact that there was the adoption of free education in the public schools by the US government in the past, an equal opportunity for quality education is yet to be achieved. Education in the public schools has always been provided for free, although in the past it was not free to the Native Americans, slaves, migrants, student with special needs, pregnant girls and other groups of people which were neglected (Bobo, pp 180). Although slavery came to an end, inequality in the education system still persists, despite the fact that it was one of the major rights the former slaves fought for. The former black slaves thought that by getting access to quality education they would be in a position to integrate socially with other Americans, but this remains a dream that is yet to be realized even though more than a century has elapsed since slavery was abolished. Black children have to date been denied a chance to access quality education since a vast majority of them come from poor families and the education structure in the united states of America is such that it offers a more favorable environment to rich students and denies the poor ones a chance to attend good schools which are well funded with ample resources to enable the students acquire quality education. As a result the black children have for a long time been prevented from succeeding academically and finally succeeding financially after school which applies to the whites (Kozol, pp 112). In Chicago as it is in most parts of the United States the blacks cannot afford to live in rich neighborhoods and since the schools receive much of their funding from the collection of property taxes from home owners, very little is collected in areas inhabited by the black population which in turn implies that their children will attend poorly funded schools which will in most cases lack proper facilities to enhance a smooth learning process. When students are educated in facilities lacking enough facilities they will end up performing poorly and thus have limited chances of excelling academically and in very rare cases will they be in a position to join credible institutions of higher learning. Such students will therefore, in future not be able to secure good white collar jobs and thus they are likely to earn much less in future as compared to those students who were in a position of attending schools that had enough facilities. Therefore, poor students will in future not be able to take their students to good schools since they cannot afford and hence their children will follow in their foot steps and the poverty chain will continue (Ferguson, pp 152). The education system in the United States aids in the maintenance of the existing class structure. Ever since slavery was abolished, the education system has been used by the racist whites as an instrument of enabling them maintains their throne by maintaining a poor black population. The ideas that the minority are inferior have been spread all over the country for decades and the less informed people have always fallen into the trap, as they are made to believe that intelligence and superiority is determined by oneÃ¢â¬â¢s race. Skewed data has been used to assert such claims and to spread the ill intended ideas (Kozol, pp 144). Conclusion The education system of the United Sates of America is amounts to inequality as students are not given an equal opportunity of accessing quality education. This is mainly as result of the funding system which has been adopted which denies poor students a chance to attend schools that are well funded and thus have ample facilities to enable the to excel academically. The students from rich socio economic back grounds are in a position to attend well funded schools since such students will in most cases live in rich neighborhoods and since school funding originates from property taxes their schools will be well funded as more taxes will be collected in their neighborhoods. The fruits of this inequality are very evident in the enrollment rates of students in institutions of higher learning as statistics reveal that majority of students in these institutions are from the rich back grounds. The education system of the United States thus leads to inequality and denies the poor students an equal chance as the rich ones. Work cited: Bobo, Kimberley A. ; Wage Theft in America: Why Millions of Working Americans Are Not Getting Paid Ã¢â¬â and What We Can Do about It (2009): New Press, ISBN 1595584455. Ferguson, Ann Arnett; Bad boys: public schools in the making of black Masculinity (2001): University of Michigan Press, ISBN 0472088491. Greenhouse, Steven; The Big Squeeze: Tough Times for the American Worker (2008): Random House Inc, ISBN 1400044898. Kozol, Jonathan; The Shame of the Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America (2005): Crown Publishing Group, ISBN 0307339416. Lui, Meizhu; The Color of Wealth: The Story Behind the U. S. Racial Wealth Divide (2006): W. W. Norton, ISBN 1595580042.
Saturday, September 14, 2019
My iPOD is a 20GB white iPOD. Me and my brother bought it about a year and a half ago to share between us. We decided to get that particular model of iPOD because, although it wasn't cheap, it had a very large memory so that meant we could store both of our music on it as we like very different music. To load the songs onto the iPOD you have to have a computer. With the iPOD comes a program to go on your computer called iTUNES. You load the songs onto this program via the disk drive on your computer. Then you connect up the iPOD to the computer and the iPOD automatically begins to download the songs onto it. Describe how the ICT is being used I use the iPOD mostly to listen to music, tell the time, and occasionally play games when I am extremely bored. My brother uses the iPOD for the same reasons although he likes to play the games on it more than me. I like listening to music, I often listen to it while on my paper round every morning. I have found it invaluable on long journeys, with me and my brother stuck in a car together for many hours. For the occasion when both me and my brother want to listen to at the same time we bought a splitter and an extra pair of headphones. So in that way we listen to music together. We can also, which is very useful too, plug it into the sound system in the car so the whole family can listen. I don't just use my iPOD to store music on though. Because my iPOD has a huge memory I can put on story tapes like the Harry Potter CD's. So we can listen to them in the car as well. I use the iPOD to occasionally tell the time too, it's clock has been useful on several occasions when I haven't had my phone with me. The advantages of using this technology I really like the iPOD. It is a clever design and has many advantages. Firstly, it can be used in so many different ways, plugged into headphones, into the computer speakers, into CD player speakers, into car speakers, it's so easy! In this way it has encouraged the use of more music. Music relaxes many but gives them the freedom of listening to what you want, when you want. I find it useful on the airplane too as its so small and portable. It has a huge memory too so there is a very high limit to the number songs it holds, something like 5,000. Unlike the CD player, it rarely jogs. This is useful in general. However, having a hard disk, it can be damaged by shaking. The disadvantages of using this technology To transfer music onto the iPOD you have to have a computer. If someone doesn't have a computer, the iPOD is pretty useless. We do have a computer, but it is quite heavily used so I find it hard to find enough time for it to sit there and upload music onto it. I think the iPOD also can encourage illegal copying of music. The majority of music recorded on iPOD's are in breach of copyright laws. I personally try not to do this, as the music companies will end up loosing money. However it is very hard to feel sympathetic towards them when you here about them ripping off all these small, new, defenseless bands. I do feel that I could be breaking copyright laws, but I really don't know exactly what constitutes breaking the copyright. I know that you aren't meant to copy CD's between friends but what about if me and my brother have paid half and half for a CD? Are we only allowed to put it on one iPOD? Since I am not sure of the finer points of copyright, I don't really worry that much if I break it. Another bad point of the iPOD is that listening to very loud music played directly into your ears can damage them. I have been told off by my mum many times for playing music too loudly. Because people are listening to music they are not so aware of their surroundings so people are more likely to walk out in front of cars or get mugged. Music that is bought on iTunes cannot be used on any other MP3 players and vice-versa. iPOD's are also iconic. Many people, including me, think of iPOD's to be the main MP3 player this makes them very expensive. The other is that iPOD's get old very quickly. The makers keep bringing out new versions with added things. For example, as soon as we got ours, they brought out the same one with the ability to play videos for the same price. This is annoying but good business for the makers as they make money from us as we keep buying newer versions of their products. If I lived in a time without iPOD's I would have to play my music on a CD player or even on tapes. The tapes get chewed up and CD players just aren't as portable. So in summary, I think that although there are many disadvantages of the iPOD, the advantages out-weigh them. Having an iPOD, or any kind of portable MP3 player gives you freedom and more choice when and what to listen to.
Friday, September 13, 2019
Property law - Essay Example Besides, in law the husband and wife scenario brings about the presumption of a resulting trust. However, according to the obiter of Lord Diplock in the case of petit v petit, he articulated that the resulting trust presupposition is obsolete. This view appears to be the case in regard to the Court of AppealÃ¢â¬â¢s ruling in regard to BarbaraÃ¢â¬â¢s husband, given that there is no appropriate evidence to demonstrate that this opinion can not be refuted by Barbara as would be illustrated by this application. As an alternative, the Court of Appeal has formed a prejudiced state of affairs for BarbaraÃ¢â¬â¢s husband in regard to his position as a husband and not permitting this plead would be a violation of his human rights laid down in the European Court of Human Rights as integrated by the Human Rights Act 1998 to a just trial Article 6(1) as well as discrimination in Article 14. BarbaraÃ¢â¬â¢s husband made a full payment for the purchase of Sunrise Lodge. This creates a scenario where he is regarded as the sole owner of Sunrise Lodge. Nevertheless, as Barbara then contributed 30% to the overall total cost makes it legally acceptable for the couples to be considered as tenants in common in regard to the given purchase money. Moreover, by the virtue of providing money to the mortgage, BarbaraÃ¢â¬â¢s intention meets the basic principle of equity whereby the resulting trust would be presumed. Eventually, Albert sold off Sunrise Lodge and used the proceeds to make a full purchase of another freehold property, Greengables of which the legal title was placed into the joint names of Albert, Barbara and Charles. The registration of the property under the names of all the three parties gives rise to joint tenancy of both the legal and equitable estates. The position at this stage was that both the equitable and the legal estates were held jointly by Albert, Barbara and Charles for he had attained the
Thursday, September 12, 2019
Film Genre (English Class) - Research Paper Example The success of the gangster film with audiences later influenced filmmakers like Francis Ford Coppola, whose 1972 epic The Godfather casts its criminal characters as appealing archetypes of good Ã¢â¬Å"family men,Ã¢â¬ doing whatever is necessary to survive and thrive in a dangerous world. The growing popularity of gangster films in the first three decades of the twentieth century owes a great deal to the American publicÃ¢â¬â¢s fascination with notorious real-life gangsters such as Al Capone. The gangster cut a dashing figureÃ¢â¬âhis sharp dressing style, marked by Ã¢â¬Å"pinstripe suits, fedoras, and fancy neckties,Ã¢â¬ created a whole new image for the American gangster, serving to Ã¢â¬Å"legitimize their status as businessmenÃ¢â¬ and allowing them to represent themselves as Ã¢â¬Å"a model of the new American ideal for the urban working classÃ¢â¬ (Beshears 197). Of course, his carefully-crafted outward appearance served to disguise the fact that Capone was, for all intents and purposes, little more than a common criminal. Like many of his criminal contemporaries, Capone made a fortune bootlegging liquor after Prohibition was enacted in 1920. Yet Capone and his cronies were not roundly vilified for their criminal activity. Instead, the public became enamored with the heady tales of the ongoing struggle between gangsters and the police who sought to shut them down. The Ã¢â¬Å"old moral orderÃ¢â¬ (199) had broken downÃ¢â¬âin its place, many Americans had begun to embrace Ã¢â¬Å"a nihilistic outlook on lifeÃ¢â¬ (198) driven by disillusion in the wake of World War I. The resulting lack of optimism and distrust of authority created an environment in which gangsters were painted almost as folk heroes. They were perceived by many to be Robin Hood-type figures fighting the establishment on behalf of the downtrodden. In reality, however, the gangsters were solely in it for themselves, eager to make a profit even through the most nefarious of me ans. Based in large part on the infamous persona of criminals like Capone, the Ã¢â¬Å"gangster filmÃ¢â¬ became a popular genre, exploding into success in the early 1930s. The gangster film is a sub-category of crime films in which the main characters are part of a gang or are otherwise affiliated with a crime organization or mob. The film typically depicts the rise and fall of the main character, a man whose ruthlessness, cunning, and unrepentant narcissism take him to the top and cause his subsequent downfall. The movies are set in large cities so as to Ã¢â¬Å"provide a view of the secret world of the criminal: dark nightclubs or streets with lurid neon signs, fast cars, piles of cash, sleazy bars, contraband, seedy living quarters or rooming housesÃ¢â¬ (filmsite.org). The movies are generally bloodbathsÃ¢â¬âmultiple characters die as a result of their association with the gangster. Though in the earliest gangster films, much of the violence occurred off-screen, later film s almost gleefully depicted the random violence associated with the gangster way of life. Additionally, these films are crafted as Ã¢â¬Å"morality tales: Horatio Alger or Ã¢â¬Ëpursuit of the American DreamÃ¢â¬â¢ success stories turned upside down in which criminals live in an inverted dream world of success and wealthÃ¢â¬
Wednesday, September 11, 2019
Aircraft wing design - Assignment Example Aircraft wing plays a vital role in its final operation and as such incorporates a number of fundamental design considerations. According to Kundu et al. (2003, p.241).Ã it literally impossible for one to design an aircraft part without comprehensively understanding the role of that part in the aircraft and the fundamental theories that accompany its design. In this paper, a detailed plan for design of an aircraft wing is described on that basis, an aircraft wing model proposed. Design considerations Various design considerations are put into consideration when designing an aircraft wing. these are below:The author states that the wing span is crucial in design. Basically, this is constrained by the size of the hangar, as well as the ground facilities. However, such must be based on the structural dynamic constraints. Measures must be the put in place to minimize the induced direct drag. Consideration is also taken not to raise the wingÃ¢â¬â¢s structural weight in a manner that extremely increases the savings on induced drag. the area of the wing, just like is the case in selecting the span considers various aspects include the drag constraint, speed of stalling and field length, as well as the volume of fuel. despite the fact that in some instances these factors allow for creation of small wings, the size of the wing in this case is increased in order to obtain a reasonably appropriate CL on basis of the pre-defined flight conditions (Moir & Seabridge, 2007; Raymer, 2008, p. 67).
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
Rogers Chocolate - Case Study Example RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ sold chocolates, related specialty products and premium ice cream items. As Zietsma (2007) notes, firstly, competition was a point of concern since traditional players in the chocolate business were moving into the premium sector where RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ had a presence (p 20). Secondly, there was a shift in consumer preferences towards organic chocolates. Moreover, consumers were becoming more environment conscious. There were significant costs involved in set up and cleaning involved in the production process. The disruption in schedules influenced by various factors was the cause for frequent out-of- stock situations faced by RogersÃ¢â¬â¢. An ageing consumer base was also pertinent since there was no potential replacement for the eventual loss of customers. A traditional mindset of the employees meant that RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ was not ready to reinvent itself in the present context. 2. PESTEL Analysis The political, economic, social, technological, environmental and legal is sues pertaining to RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ are described in this section. 2.1 Political Change in governments affect the formulation and implementation of policies related to the chocolate industry. Rogers being in the premium chocolate segment, its products could be considered as elitist. A populist government could be at logger heads with RogersÃ¢â¬â¢. Moreover, there could be pressure from political parties to unionise RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ since the company would attract the attention of trade unions. Lobbying by competitors was also one of the threats that loomed over Rogers. Any decision which was the result of such bargaining could prove detrimental to the business interests of Rogers. The sales of RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ outside Canada was also affected by the policies of foreign countries especially those of the US and Europe. Diplomatic stand offs between Canada and other nations would have a bearing on the bottom line of RogersÃ¢â¬â¢. Every trade related treaty signed between Canada and other nations provided an opportunity to RogersÃ¢â¬â¢. Likewise, when such treaties are abrogated, it is a threat to the activities at RogersÃ¢â¬â¢. 2.2 Economic The changes in the economy also have a bearing on the fortunes of RogersÃ¢â¬â¢. In times of recession, the sales of luxury goods are hit the most, which brings a drop in sales of premium chocolate. Further, cost cutting measures are required at every step in business. This could adversely affect the quality and hence the brand name of RogersÃ¢â¬â¢. There could be a threat of layoffs in such cases. This would lead to change in employment patterns in the organisation as permanent staff is replaced by part-timers. The prices of raw materials could also increase leading to a hike in the prices of chocolates. This would make RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ products unattractive in foreign markets. Economic sanctions against the countries providing raw materials to RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ could hit production. Damage to crops, diversion of raw material s to competitors on account of better prices etc. are some of the other issues that can hamper production. This would make RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ products unattractive in foreign markets. 2.3 Social RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ had not packaged itself differently based on current trends. Hence, an ageing baby boomer generation remained its target audience. Though this group of consumers had an inclination for quality goods, eventually there would be no customers left if the younger generation does not replace them. RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ marketing would have to change to reflect this reality. Similarly, the employees at RogersÃ¢â¬â¢ were caught in a time warp as they had been in the same organisation for two to three generations. While there was cohesion among employees
Monday, September 9, 2019
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - Essay Example Just because a person carries out ritualistic actions or worries once in a while does not necessarily mean that he/she suffers from OCD. It is important to remember that a behavior is considered a disorder only when it starts to interfere with one's daily life - consuming every aspect of it and impairing a person's ability to perform regular functions (e.g., working, establishing good interpersonal relationships). A mother who double checks her child's safety belt more than once before starting her car does not automatically suffer from OCD just because a behavior was repeated. In contrast, an OCD patient may spend between hours to even an entire day worrying about something and/or thinking of ways to prevent bad things from occurring. Although OCD patients are aware that their lives are being disrupted, they have difficulty controlling these disruptive thoughts and behaviors ("Obsessive Compulsive Disorder", 2005). They know that these thoughts and actions are not normal but they cannot stop them. This is what differentiates these types of repetitive thoughts and actions from regular rituals that people perform to ensure order, cleanliness, and safety (e.g., checking for locked doors, arranging files alphabetically for easier access). There is a desire from the person to rid himself of these thoughts and behaviors, but this desire is overruled by his obsessions and compulsions. According t According to the American Psychiatric Association's Fact Sheet on OCD (2005), some symptoms may include but are not limited to the following: cleaning, such as repetitive bathing or inability to hold door knobs; arranging and organizing, wanting everything in a particular order all the time; mental compulsions, such as silently saying phrases or prayers to self; hoarding and collecting various items such as magazines and newspapers, forming piles; and repeated checking, possibly retracing driving routes. Foa and Steketee (as cited in Hilgard, 1953) discovered that the most common compulsions among the list are washing and checking. Almost always, these actions are carried out because of doubt. OCD patients always think that something bad will happen and do not to rely on their senses alone. At the back of their minds, they believe that there are always things that they cannot see (or foresee). For example, a person with OCD may always believe that germs are always there despite repeated washing, or he may think that he forgot to switch an appliance off even after checking the switch numerous times. Rachman & Hodgson as well as Stern & Cobb concluded that these patients are concerned mostly about: completing tasks, preventing harm (self and others), and contracting illness from germs (Hilgard, 1953). In the film "As Good As It Gets," Jack Nicholson's character is a good example of a patient suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. He repetitively washes his hands, each time with a different bar of soap. It takes a long time for him to finally cease this hand-washing session. His cabinets were filled with an unending supply of soaps to accommodate this compulsion. Although seemingly extreme, many OCD patients exhibit behaviors that are beyond normal (perhaps even more pronounced than in this example), which shows that the disorder may really become an impediment to normal functioning, especially when the rituals take over most of their time and effort, robbing them of time to do
Sunday, September 8, 2019
Concrete Construction - Assignment Example The joint if any, shall be carefully handled as the poor joining in the concrete process would result in weak spots which would become the locations of future problems in the channel. In order to ensure the flow of water with very low energy loss it is necessary to maintain the channel geometry in the construction. The machinery choice is also a very important component in the construction process. With a proper attachment for levelling and material lining activities the channel construction could be undertaken on a continuous mode (US patent,, 1984). This would help to maintain the required slope and the roughness condition the important criteria that influences the velocity of flow. The concrete mix design shall be prepared as per the design specification and if the construction need to be carried out in adverse condition addition of admixtures is necessary to facilitate the retention of properties of prepared concrete . Finally, proper curing of the concrete works is also required to have the better durability of the construction process. The foot bridge construction requires more care as it is indented to carry moving loads with supports given only at the locations as specified in the design document. The major components of the foot bridge , constructed over the diversion channel , are support piers at the ends and the bridge slab.
Saturday, September 7, 2019
Academic Poster ( Mental Health) in the uk - Essay Example Physical problems such as stomach problems, tremors, blackouts, and hangovers occur. Psychologically, the drinker is irritable and can be moved to angry outbursts (Livestrong, 2015). The costs of alcohol misuse are high. Before taking a drink, it is important to ask whether or not, the risk of becoming addicted and succumbing to the problems linked to alcoholism are worth the gains achieved through alcohol consumption. Based on the four stages of alcoholism, it is important to stop drinking as soon as it is apparent that you are at vulnerable to alcohol addiction. This realization should occur in the first stage or the adaptive stage of alcoholism. All efforts should be made to quit consumption of alcohol during this stage. As the alcoholic progresses, it becomes harder to quit until the conclusion stage where quitting might not make a difference since the alcoholicÃ¢â¬â¢s body and mind is likely suffering irreparable damage and death is imminent. Ideally, the drinker should recognize a drinking problem early on and make a determined effort to abstain. It is best not to wait until you hit rock bottom as rock bottom could mean a custodial sentence, harm to othe rs. o.oneself. Excessive drinking or drinking Ã¢â¬Ëmore than the recommended limits of alcohol consumptionÃ¢â¬â¢ (NHS, 2013). The government has established alcohol consumption limits that are believed to pose minimum health risks to those who want to drink. Keeping within the guidelinesÃ¢â¬â¢ limits should mean the risk of harm is reduced, if not eliminated. Recommended Limits : Women should drink at most, 2-3 units (175ml glass of wine) daily. Men should at most drink 3-4 units (pint of beer, lager or cider) daily (NHS, 2015). However, Nichols, et al. (2012) reveals that even keeping within these limits will not prevent exposure to chronic illness due to alcohol consumption. Mental Health Issues: Alcohol interferes with the brainÃ¢â¬â¢s neurotransmitters and exposes alcohol misusers to depression,
Organizational Leadership Philosophy Essay The ingredients of my leadership philosophy which I believe will be most effective have been summarized into three pages. It is undisputable that vision, values, leadership development, managing change, care for soldiers and their families and a sense of humour are all important elements in a leadership philosophy. It is in this that I have a conviction of the ideology that, a military leader must have a personal philosophy since it will enhance accomplishment of a comprehensive and integrated view of life which is of critical essence. Personal philosophy is therefore of absolute necessity because it gives a foundation to other areas in life. To start with, vision is one of the most important elements to be put under consideration when creating a leadership philosophy. One of this is the fact that, vision ought to be idealistic in order to reflect the mental model of the organization for now and in the future. It must also have the characteristics of appropriateness, purpose, direction and standards of excellence (Wallace, 2008). It must be simple to understand, well articulated and ambitious. The organizational vision which corresponds to commanderÃ¢â¬â¢s intent can be divided into three concepts. Operation is used to describe the intent of the commander. Purpose is what unifies the operations and involves what the organization is meant to do. Lastly, endstate is the final result that has been achieved. From the above perspective, the vision I have communicated should be understood and shared by everyone in the organization if we are to achieve our objective. We should also apply the concept of vision and revision where our vision acts as a way-point which is subject to adjustment along the way Value is the second element and it entails the morality and virtues which should form the central theme of the human nature. As an organization, the values of the U. S. army are the foundation to provide service to the country. The seven major values which guide this philosophy can be essential in any organization which includes loyalty, duty, respect, selfless-service, honour, integrity, and personal courage. The values are moral guidelines for each soldier to lead us through the intellectual, emotional and philosophical issues that surround our lives and organization. Every leader should therefore adhere to the seven values and ensure that they play the central role in their leadership philosophy. Organizational success depends on the values of the company, its stand and the belief of its people. People who think that we cannot change or train values are wrong and should therefore go for basic training in the US Marine Corps model. In addition, I believe that lack of enough discussion and understanding of values is the major reason for unethical behaviour which the media highlights. It is my duty therefore to establish a formal training program that will enhance values within the army. Caring for one another is the third element of my leadership philosophy just as it is emphasized by the soldiers. This kind of care extends to all other people such as ensuring that soldiers and their families are taken care of. This is in as ensuring that, any mission set forth is successfully accomplished. This may appear as competitive imperatives but both of them must be successfully accomplished by a talented leader. Taking good care of my soldiers will involve ensuring quality life, safety, family support, proper equipment and training, and timely recognition of excellence. This aspect is greatly concurred within the army as the attribute is emphasized in form of an aggressive program which provides for and serves the soldiers welfare as an essential catalyst that ensures unit bonding. The full potential of a soldier is reached when their leaders are caring because modern combat needs love and care of soldiers and soldiering. Leader development is another element made up of three important components which include formal schooling, leader training and empowerment. Among the professional training I intend my soldiers to undergo include the Basic as well as the Advanced Non-commissioned Officer Course, and many other courses that will promote professional development. Although the formal educational courses may collide with training and exercises, subordinates must receive these training to sharpen their specialities. Leader development is a continuous process and I will promote attendance to formal education to supplement our professional development programs (Wallace, 2008). I will also ensure that subordinates are empowered through delegation of duties to encourage the growth of leadership within the organization The next element which is inevitable will be to manage change. Frequent deployment, downsizing, modern technology, and increased personnel and operations tempo will require the army to deal with tremendous change. My mission and purpose for the organization will clearly elaborate the need to manage change because it will be necessary for general improvement. Leveraging diversity is another element of leadership philosophy which is often overlooked by many people. Soldiers from different ethnic, religion, racial experience backgrounds should be treasured since they add value to the organization. The mechanism that I intend to use to ensure that diversity is appreciated includes open-door policy, visibility and small-group sessions in the organization. Moreover, any personnel who do not value diversity will not be tolerated. Lastly, maintaining a sense of humour ought to be preserved since it is an important element for diffusing tension (Wallace, 2008). Humour is important in developing personal rapport and enhancing the cooperation spirit. References Wallace, A. (2008). Organizational leadership: Major Principles for Effective Leadership. A Journal of Human Resource Planning, Vol. 45, p. 23-32